About Madina Ziyarat

Madina also spelled as Medina is the city where Prophet Muhammad.sal spent the last years of his life and where he died and was buried. The distance between Makkah and Madina is 490 km and it takes 5 hours to reach Madina from Makkah. Madina is noted for its dates orchards and fertility. The mosque here where the graves of Muhammad.sal and his friends and relatives is named Masjid An Nabawi.

After or before Hajj, it is desirable to visit Prophet Muhammad.sal’s place at Madina. So, all pilgrims spend few days at Madina. Usually one fourth of the total days are spent in Madina. Before you head over there, recite Salawath as much as you can. Keep your intention to visit the Prophet.sal. Have good faith in heart with desire to meet him. Though he is no more he is said to be alive inside his grave. So go to his tomb in a respectable manner in good dresses following the ways of Sunnah.

During the times of rush, you need to wait in queue and go inside and do not fight or argue with others. Keeping patience is essential as we are into the durbar of the prophet. Give some alms to the poor and go with dresses based on Sunnah.

Ashabus Subbah is the place there where the poor friends of Prophet used to spend their times. The Rowlathul Jannah is called as a place of paradise on earth and those who have entered this place is considered to have entered heaven. So when you enter this place make it a point to pray 2 Rak-at Salat. When you reach the Prophet’s grave say salam to him in a humble way. If anyone has asked you to convey their salam it is a must on your part to convey them properly.

Convey salam to other Sahabis such as Hazrat Aboobakkar.rali, Hazrat Omar.rali and the wives of Prophet.sal. There are some pillars at this place namely Abu Lubaba pillar, Ali pillar, Ayisha pillar, Vabooth pillar, Sareer pillar and Hannaan pillar. Pray near all these pillars. Praying 40 times over 8 days at Masjid An Nabawi is recommended by Prophet.sal as a measure of escaping the clutches of hell.

Madina people are very soft and it is essential not to harm them in any way. There are many date orchards and so very tasty dates are available here. It is a custom to buy the dates and bring back home.

There are many places of visit in and around Madina. As praying at Masjid An Nabawi is more important than all, it is better to make outside visits in the mornings and come back at Luhar time at noon.

Jannathul Baki is the graveyard adjacent to Masjid An Nabawi. Here lots of Sahabis were buried and so it is a good practice to visit Jannathul Baki for Ziyarat. Uhad Mountain is situated in Madina and this is the place famous for the Uhad war during the times of Prophet.sal. Here you can see the graveyard of Hazrat Hamza.rali and 70 Sahabis who laid their lives in the Uhad battlefield.

Quba mosque is situated in Madina and Prophet Muhammad.sal used to visit this mosque every Saturday. So, it is the best option to visit this mosque on Saturdays. There are some specialties of Quba mosque. This is the first mosque built in this world and the foundation stone was laid by Prophet Muhammad.sal. This is where the mass prayer was conducted publicly for the first time.

Madina is place of peace and patience. Islam started to spread from this soil and this is the soil holding lots of sacrifices. So, all pilgrims must preserve the respect of Madina during their stay there by behaving in a very respectable manner.

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Hajj E Badal

Hajj e Badal is the hajj done on the behalf of other people who are physically not fit enough to embark on hajj or those who have already passed away. Those who are going to perform the Hajj e Badal is called Mahmoor and on whose behalf he is doing Hajj is called Aamir.

There are certain facts about Hajj e Badal. Hajj should be a must for Aamir and should be physically unfit to make Hajj as long as he lives. He gives his consent for Mahmoor to perform Hajj on his behalf and spends his own money for the Mahmoor’s journey and other expenses. However heirs may do Hajj for their deceased parents and in this case, the consent of the parents before they die is not needed.

When the Mahmoor says out his intention to do Hajj when entering Ihram, he must say that he is performing Hajj on behalf of Aamir. One person can do Hajj e Badal only for one person at a time and he cannot do for a group of people at one time. There is no separate Ihram for Mahmoor and Aamir. Only the appointed person or the Mahmoor should perform Hajj. Mahmoor cannot send anyone else for this purpose.

It is a best option that Mahmoor should start his journey from the hometown of Aamir. He must abide by the instructions of Aamir. Only Hajj e Qiran or Hajj e Ifrad could be done in this case and Hajj e Tamattu is not advisable. Even when Hajj e Qiran is done, Qurbani should be given at the expense of Mahmoor and not Aamir. If Mahmoor did not do Hajj properly, then the Hajj of Aamir will not be accepted. However if the heirs perform Hajj on the behalf of their parents then they may perform Hajj e Tamattu.

It is better to send a person who has already completed his own Hajj as Mahmoor. However if a person did not do Hajj for himself but is not a must for him on account of his wealth, then sending him for Hajj e Badal is accepted.

The Mahmoor should enter into Ihram at the place of Aamir for performing Hajj on his behalf but when he does Hajj e Tamattu, he comes out of Ihram after completing Umrah and then again enters into Ihram from Makkah for doing Hajj and so this Ihram becomes Makki Ihram and not the Ihram worn at the place of Aamir. That is the reason why it is said that only Hajj e Ifrad or Hajj e Tamattu has to be performed in this case. However, when the parents are dead and their heirs want to send someone else for Hajj, then there are no special instructions for that and any type of Hajj is allowed.

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Details About Hajj

Hajj is all concerned with doing ten rituals over a period of six days in four places. Those four places involved in Hajj are Mecca, Mina, Arafat and Muzdalifah. Mina is located east of Makkah about 5 km away from it. To the east of Mina is located Muzdalifah closely. Arafat is located approximately 14 kilometers away from Mina.

The days of Hajj starts on the 8th day of the Arabic month Zil Hajj or Dhul Hajj and ends on the 13th. There are three Farazs of Hajj which are must be done and if not Hajj will not be acceptable and there are three Vajibs which are also must be done and if not done should be compensated with Dham. Dham is done by sacrificing a sheep or goat.

Farads of Hajj

1. Ihram
2. Staying in Arafat
3. Tawaf Ziyara

Wajibs of Hajj

1. Staying at Muzdalifah on the day of Arafat
2. Stoning of Satan
3. Sacrificing a sheep or goat or Qurbani
4. Shaving or clipping hair
5. Doing Sayi
6. Performing Tawaf Vidha at the end

10 Rituals to be Performed during Hajj

1. The pilgrim performing Hajj e Tamattu wears Ihram from the place where he is staying. Those doing Hajj e Ifrad and Hajj e Qarin are already in Ihram from their Miqat. The pilgrim wearing Ihram for Umrah should wear it from Miqat but when he wears it for Hajj he may wear it from his room or home. On the 8th he takes bath, wears Ihram and goes to Mina after sunrise. Sometimes he might be taken there on 7th night also and there is no harm in that. The prayers Luhar, Asar, Mahrib and Isha and the Fazr of 9th day should be prayed at Mina and this is a Sunnah. There are temporary tents at Mina for the pilgrim to stay.

2. The 9th of Zil Hajj month is called the day of Arafat or the day of Hajj because Hajj is not completed if a pilgrim does not stay at Arafat. So on 9th after sunrise, the pilgrim leaves for Arafat. Arafat is a big ground and the famous Jabal e Rahma is situated here and it is better to stay closer to it. There will be some temporary tents for the facility of the pilgrims. The pilgrim should stay at Arafat on 9th till sunset. This is the important part of Hajj.

The important deed of Arafat is prayer. This is the place where the Duas are accepted and so Haji is insisted to ask all the Duas of his life here. It is said that after this day, all his former sins are washed away and he turns out to be a baby fresh from the womb. So he must make use of this day and ask for forgiveness and make the most of the time.

3. After sunset, the pilgrim must leave Arafat and go to Muzdalifah approximately 8 or 9 km away from it. He must not leave before sunset. However he should leave even before praying Mahrib. Mahrib should be prayed only at Muzdalifah along with Isha. When going to Muzdalifah care must be taken that the Haji has entered the boundary of Muzdalifah because many people stay before Muzdalifah’s entrance itself by mistake. If not stayed in Muzdalifah, Dham has to be given.

4. The Haji may sleep for a while at Muzdalifah and on 10th morning he should pray Fazr there and then after a while before sunrise he must start towards Mina. Before he starts moving he must pick stones for stoning of Satan. He must pick 70 to 80 small stones as carrying few extra stones is advisable. It was on that day he has to do some important deeds including the stoning of Satan. The time for stoning of Satan starts from sunrise and lasts till the next day Fazr. However it is the best practice to do it before noon.

On this day that is 10th of the month, stoning should be done only for Big Satan or Jamarat Ul Kufra or Jamarat Ul Ukba. Stand such as your right side facing Mina and the left side facing Makkah. There are sign boards to indicate the direction. Throw seven stones one by one saying, ‘Bismillahi Allahu Akbar’. After stoning the Haji may return to his tent at Mina.

5. Then Qurbani has to be given. Sheep or goat is preferred and for camel or buffalo or ox seven people may join together and sacrifice one on their behalf. The time of Qurbani starts on the 10th morning of the month and ends on the 12th day at sunset. Offering Qurbani is a must for those performing Hajj e Tamattu and Hajj e Qarin and is desirable for those doing Hajj e Ifrad. Clipping or shaving hair should be done only after giving Qurbani.

There are slaughter houses near Mina for this purpose. There are also some banks and private institutions doing this service for Hajis. Care should be taken that they are genuine people before paying any money. It is better to give Qurbani directly cutting the throat of the animal with own hands.

If offering camel it should be 5 years old and the ox should be 2 years old. If goat is offered it should be one year old and for sheep it should be 6 months old. Otherwise Qurbani will not be accepted. The meat of the animal may be consumed or not depending upon the necessity.

6. After Qurbani, shaving of hair on head should be done. For ladies it is cutting one inch of hair at the end. Self shaving of hair is allowed. Stoning, Qurbani and hair removal should be done in order or Dham should be given. After removing the hair, Ihram dress could be removed and after taking bath, normal dresses could be worn. Now everything becomes normal except doing intercourse. Intercourse is allowed only after performing Tawaf Ziyara which is also a part of Hajj. Hair removal should be done before 12th sunset.

7. After getting out of Ihram and wearing good dresses, the Hajis go to Masjid Al Haram for performing Tawaf Ziyara. This includes Tawaf and Sayi. The Ramal is to be done for first three rounds but there is no Izhthifa as there is no Ihram. After performing Tawaf and praying 2 rak-at salat, the pilgrim drinks Zam Zam water to his heart’s content.

8. The Hajis then perform Sayi also as a part of Hajj. This is to be done immediately after doing Tawaf and postponing unnecessarily is not desirable.

9. The Tawaf Ziyara could be done on 10th, 11th or 12th before sunset. However, the pilgrim should not stay in Makkah and should return to his tent at Mina for his night stay. On 11th, 12th and 13th stoning of Satan should be continued. On these days, the time of stoning starts at noon and ends on the next day Fazr though it is the best option to complete it before evening of the day. On these three days, stoning is to be done for all the three Satans unlike on the first day that is on 10th when stoning is done only for the first Satan. So, 7 stones should be thrown on the first Satan named Jamaratul Ukba, second Satan named Jamaratul Ustha and third Satan named Jamaratul Oola. If stones are missed it should be stoned again. That is why it is essential to carry some extra stones. Stoning on 13th is option but a best practice. Aged people who cannot walk to Jamarat may give their stones to their wards for throwing on their behalf.

10. The last ritual of Hajj is Tawaf Vidha or the last Tawaf. This is to be done on the last day of leaving Makkah. However if the time of departure is uncertain this could be done a bit earlier also. Ladies having menstruation are exempted from this Tawaf and if they are expecting menstruation and if possible they could do it earlier also. It is better to come out of Masjid Al Haram through Babul Vidha gate for the last time. If staying on Makkah after doing Tawaf Vidha, Tawaf could be done again and there is no harm in that.

Here ends all the rituals of Hajj and the pilgrims become Hajis.


Source By  : www.whatishaj.com

What Is Umrah ?

Performing Tawaf coupled with Sayee or Sayi separately or as a part of Hajj is called Umrah. Wearing Ihram is a must for Umrah. Ihram must be worn at Miqat or the boundary line which is different for people coming from different parts of the world. Those who want to perform Umrah could be differentiated into three types namely foreigners, residents of Makkah and the residents of the place between Haram and the Miqat border at Hillu. The foreigners should wear Ihram at their designated Miqat while the other two types could wear Ihram at their own places.

Umrah is based on four important deeds namely Ihram, Tawaf, Sayi and clipping the hair. Those who are performing Hajj e Tamattu, clip their hair after Ihram and those who perform Hajj e Qiran and Hajj e Ifrah would not clip their hair. Let us see how to perform Umrah in detail.

As soon as the Haji reaches Makkah, he may take bath and proceed to Haram. At Masjid Al Haram, he starts doing Tawaf. Before doing Tawaf, he stops reciting Talbiya as saying Labbaik ends here. He starts his Tawaf with Isthilam and continues until he completes his seventh round and prays there near Makame Ibrahim. All about Tawaf are explained here in detail.

Safa was a small hillock in olden times and now there is only some remnants of it and the other parts are floored well with marbles for the facility of Hajis. Marwa is located approximately half a kilometer from Safa and Marwa is also a comparatively smaller hillock. Both Safa and Marwa are located within the complex of Masjid Al Haram.

Hajis should start their Umrah at Safa and end at Safa. There is separate pathways for going and coming back and separate pathway for wheel chairs. So Sayi could be done without congestion. Standing at Safa, the pilgrim should recite Taqbir three times and then start his Sayi. He must walk his way to Marwa. On the way, there is a green light signal for a short distance. When crossing that place only men should run a little fast. Ladies need not run. After crossing the signal, they should start walking as usual.

Once the pilgrim reaches Marwa, he again turns to walk towards Safa and again from Safa to Marwa. This continues seven times and ends with Safa. By the time the pilgrim completes his Sayi, he would have walked approximately 3.5 km in total excluding Tawaf.

After completing Sayi, men should shave completely or clip one fourth of their hair and women should cut one inch of her hair at the end. Here Umrah ends and they could then perform all regular tasks as usual removing the Ihram dress. However those who perform Hajj e Qiran and Hajj e Ifrad would not clip their hairs and would continue in the same Ihram until Hajj days and complete both Hajj and Umrah in the same Ihram.


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What Is Tawaf ?

Going round Al-Kaaba seven times in a defined manner ending with prayer is called Tawaf. The first Tawaf one does on arrival at Masjid Al Haram is called Tawaf Qudum. The first round of Tawaf starts at Hajrul Aswath in the corner near the golden door of Kaaba. The green light glows straight to it as an indicator.

How to do Tawaf?

Stand before the indicator line and do not cross it and the Tawaf is always done in the clockwise direction. So you have to stand with your right side facing Kaaba. Stop saying Talbiya or Labbaik. Remove the seamless cloth covering the right shoulder and bring it under your armpit to put over your left shoulder. That is the right shoulder should be opened only when you are in Ihram. This position is called Izhthifa. Keep your intention to do Tawaf and this intention is a must. It is like this: “O! Lord, I am doing my Tawaf of seven rounds around Baithullah. Please make it easier for me and accept my Tawaf”.

Turn towards Hajrul Aswath and caress it with both your hands and kiss your hands without making sound. If you cannot touch it, then make sign from a distance as through you are touching it and then kiss your hands. This is called Isthilam. You have to do Isthilam in every round when you cross Hajrul Aswath.

Start your first round. When you are crossing the area between the door of Kaaba and Makame Ibrahim, you have to jog instead of walking. This jogging only at that place only for men is called Ramal. Ramal is to be done only for the first three rounds and not for the last four rounds. After completing the last round make Isthilam once again which will be the 8th time. Please note that Ramal is to be done only when doing Tawaf as a part of Umrah and no Ramal to be done when performing Nafil Tawaf or doing Tawaf separately.

If you can get near, you can kiss the fourth corner of Kaaba called Ruknul Yamani. But if you cannot get near you must not make any signal of kissing. It is not allowed and you simply have to pass. After completing all the seven rounds, cover your right shoulder and go near Makame Ibrahim and pray 2 rak-at salat to complete the Tawaf.

Then go to Zam Zam water outlet and drink as much water as you can and come back near the Hajrul Aswath and do Isthilam one more time if you are continuing for Sayee.

Do’s and Don’t’s of Tawaf

1. Keep your body and clothes clean.
2. When you go round Kaaba, go round Hatheem also. Hatheem is the horseshoe shaped projection of Kaaba in one side.
3. Be in Ozhu or keeping your hands, face and legs clean before you start Tawaf.
4. Do not lift your face towards Kaaba when going round and keep reciting Kalima and Dua.
5. Do not talk with others or take rest in the middle or run on the way unnecessarily.
6. Turn your body towards Kaaba only when doing Isthilam.
7. Do Isthilam with your hands at Ruknul Yamani only if you can touch it or do no signal and just pass.
8. Do not get near Ruknul Yamani when you are in Ihram as there are lots of perfumes sprayed and smelling perfumes prohibited when in Ihram.
9. Start your Tawaf with Hajrul Aswath and end with Hajrul Aswath.

The first Tawaf performed as soon as we enter Masjid Al Haram for the first time is known as Tawaf Qudum. The Tawaf done as a part of Hajj is known as Tawaf Ziyarat and the Tawaf done also as a part of Hajj but at the end before leaving from Makkah is known as Tawaf Vidha.

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What Is Ihram ?

The moment we intend to perform Hajj or Umrah, certain things that were halal or could be done during our normal life become haram or should not be done and this state is called Ihram. There are some terms and conditions of Ihram. Men should wear only white dress without any stitches. Usually they are two pieces of long towels one worn around the waist and one above over the shoulders. Women have no special dress for Ihram and their normal dresses are enough. However care should be taken not to shed any hair from their head and so they usually cover their head with a piece of cloth.

Where should we enter into Ihram?

There is a boundary line for people coming from different directions of the world where they should enter into Ihram. This boundary line is called Meeqat or Miqat. For assuming Ihram there are five boundary lines namely Dhul Hulaifa, Qarn Ul Manazil, Yalamlam, Dhatu Irq and Al Juhfah for people coming from long distances.

For people coming from Yemen, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia and other eastern countries Yalamlam is the Miqat. This place is 52 km away from Yemen. For people from Madina, Dhul Hulaifa is the Miqat and it is situated at a distance of 5 km from Madina. For those who are heading for Hajj or Umrah from Siriya, Jordan, Sudan, Egypt, Thabook and Kaiber, Al Juhfah is the Miqat and this is situated 9 km from a place named Raabik near Red Sea.

For the people of Najath and Thayif, Qarn Ul Manazil which is located 48 km from Makkah is the Miqat. For people of Iran, Iraq and Kuwait, Dhatu Irq located 80 km north east of Makkah is the Miqat. For those who are coming from Baithul Mukathas, the Miqat is Eliya and for those from the east, it is Akeek.

For residents of Makkah, the Miqat is Mecca itself. For other people staying in Makkah the Miqats are Hillu boundary in which Hudhaifiya, Zihrana and Thanyeem are located. Zihrana is the best among all and is located 18 km away from Jabal Un Noor mountain. Thanyeen is 5 km away from Masjid Al Haram and there is a masjid here named Ayisha Masjid where people enter into Ihram. Hudhaifiya is located 22 km from Makkah on the Makkah to Jeddah road.

Sunnahs of Ihram

Sunnah is the path shown and lived by Prophet Muhammad.sal and it is desirous to follow the sunnah in life. There are some sunnahs of Ihram listed below.

1. Removing all unwanted hair and nails from the body and taking bath before entering into Ihram.
2. If going with spouse, having intercourse before entering into Ihram.
3. Praying two raq-at Thahyathul Ihram and saying out the intention to do Umrah or Haj.
4. Start saying Labbaik or Talbiya immediately after taking oath to perform Umrah or Hajj is Farl or a must.
5. Chanting Talbiya three times without any interruption is Sunnah.
6. Saying Salavat and asking dua after reciting Talbiya is also Sunnah.

Don’t of Ihram

1. Should not embrace, kiss or do any such stimulating things or have intercourse with the spouse until out of Ihram.
2. Should not speak bad words or do bad deeds.
3. Should not fight or argue with others.
4. Men should not cover their head and face. Women should not cover their face but should cover their heads.
5. Should not cut hair or nail.
6. Men should not wear dresses with stitches not even inner wears with seams. Only seamless white pieces of cloths should be worn. However wearing belt and watch and wallets are allowed.
7. Should not use scents or perfumes.
8. Should not wear shoes that cover the top portion of the feet. Sandals that expose the upper portion could be worn.
9. Should not hunt or kill animals or insects. Killing venomous ones and fishing are exceptions.
10. Ladies with menstruation can enter into Ihram but they should not enter Masjid Al Haram or Masjid An Nabawi until they are out of menstruation. They have to wait until they are clean and perform their rituals.


Source By  : www.whatishaj.com

Types of Hajj ?

Hajj could be performed in three ways and they are named as Hajj e Ifrad or isolated Hajj, Hajj e Qiran or accompanied Hajj and Hajj e Tamattu or enjoyable Hajj. There are no differences in Hajj but only the differences in performing it. All the three ways are accepted by the Lord.

Hajj e Ifrad

The pilgrim doing this type of Hajj is called Mufrid. He enters Ihram at Miqat or the boundary line and goes to Haram and does Tawaf Qudum and remains in the same Ihram until the time of Hajj. Then he performs all the rights and rituals of Hajj as usual and comes out of Ihram.

He enters Ihram with the sole intention of doing Hajj only and so does not perform Umrah before Hajj. Even if he does Umrah, he should not clip or shave his hair and should remain in the state of Ihram.

Animal sacrifice in this form of Hajj is optional. He may or may not do that because he is under no obligation to do so.

Hajj e Qiran

The pilgrim performing this type of Hajj is called Qaarin. He enters into Ihram at Miqaat and after going to Masjid Al Haram, performs his Umrah and then does other rituals of Umrah but should not shave his hair.

He should keep his intention both for Umrah and Hajj together before he starts. Only after all the rituals of Hajj are completed he must come out of Ihram. Until then he must follow all the rules and regulations of Ihram. But since he has to stay in Ihram for a long number of days, this is better if he starts his journey closer to Hajj days. He must animal sacrifice as a part of his Hajj.

Hajj e Tamattu

The pilgrim performing this type of Hajj is called Muthamathiu. He enters into Ihram at Miqaat only for Umrah and not for Hajj. Once he completes his Tawaf and Umrah, he comes out of Ihram and leads a normal life. He shaves or clips his hair after coming out of Ihram.

Then again on the 8th of Zil Hajj month, he enters into Ihram from the place where he is staying and then completes all the rituals of Hajj in the usual manner. Then he should again shave his hair after the Hajj is completed. He must make animal sacrifice as a part of Haj. This is the common form of Hajj performed by most pilgrims as it is easier and better option.

All these types are accepted by the Lord. However Hajj e Qiran is considered to be the best as Prophet Muhammad.sal did this type of Hajj. But it depends upon one’s will power and strength and anyone is free to perform any type of Hajj of his choice.


Source By  : www.whatishaj.com

Getting Ready For Hajj

The intention of doing Hajj should be virtuous with only aim to fulfill the duties of Allah and not of any trade or touristic intentions. Only then the Hajj will be an accepted Hajj. To make our Hajj an accepted one we have to get ready for Hajj following some instructions. First thing is Taqwa, the full belief of Allah and the second important thing is Niyyath, the sole intention of going to Makkah only for Hajj.

Once we are getting ready for Hajj, we have to get enough knowledge of all necessary things. We must learn some duas or prayers that are needed during Hajj. We should buy some Hajj related books that will be a good guidance till the end. Also people may turn to the Hajis who have performed Hajj one or more times to learn how to do Hajj in a right manner. We should not blindly imitate others but only turn to the good scholars for help.

When we get our flight date, we have to make arrangements of things that are needed to be carried along with us. Make sure that all the things we take to hajj are halal. It means that they should be earned in the ethical way shown by Allah and his Prophet.sal and should not be earned by haram or unethical manner. If haram goes into a body, it is one of the main reasons why the hajj might not be accepted.

Take things as much as you need and get enough Ihram dresses for Hajj times. Carrying an extra Ihram dress set is advisable. All the items are available in Makkah and Madina these days and so you can buy anything there. Therefore do not carry excessively as it would give you trouble during your journey.

Ask for forgiveness from your dears and nears. You might have done wrong to anyone without your knowledge and this should not be a hindrance for the acceptance of your Hajj. So it is better to ask forgiveness from all your near relatives and friends. Also clear any debts if you have to be clear of all worldly debts.

When getting ready for Hajj, offer as many prayers as you can, read quran, chant zikr and duas and ask towba or forgiveness from Allah. Also give alms to the poor and needy as much as you can as a part of your preparations. These things become real reasons to make your Hajj acceptable.

Fighting during Hajj is one of the worst things to make your Hajj an unacceptable thing. So, Satan would make all efforts to create misunderstand between husband and wife or parents and children during Hajj days. So, take an oath not to fight with anyone and pray Allah to give you endurance and patience till the end.

If you are going as a group, then select the right members for your group. Select an elderly person to act as a leader so that there will be unity till the end. Before you leave your hometown, go to your area mosque and make prayers, sukriya salat to offer your gratitude to Allah for giving you an opportunity to perform Hajj and hajath salat to beg Allah to make your journey trouble-free till the end.

Start chanting the important dua of Hajj as many times as you can:

“Labbaik! Allahumma Labbaik! Labbaik! Laa shareekalaka Labbaik!
Innal Hamdha, Van Nihmatha, Lakavul Mulk! Laa Shareekalak!!”

This is called Talbiya and the meaning of Labbaik or Talbiya is ‘I have come… Allah I have come… to obey your orders. I am at your service and you have no partner and all the praises are yours… the sovereignty is yours and you truly have no partners.’


Source By  : www.whatishaj.com

How To Do Hajj

The question how to do Hajj could not be answered in a single line because it starts from our desire to perform Hajj until we land back to our mother land. First of all, any Muslim should have the desire to perform Hajj. If he has ardent desires then his wish will be fulfilled by Allah for sure. Allah sees the purity of one’s heart and not the wealth or any world’s possessions.

Once we have strong desire with enough funds then our procedure will start with submitting application. The method of applying varies from country to country. In India Haj Committee makes necessary arrangements and offers a chance to perform Hajj in the easiest possible way. Formerly passport was not required. However from the year 2009, it has been made mandatory. Another choice would be perform Hajj separately through tour groups. But it is quite expensive when compared with the arrangements done by Haj Committee of India. If more numbers of people have applied lot system is followed to select the applicants.

Once our applications are accepted we will be contacted and the money has to be paid. Then we have to get ready with everything once the date is announced. Those who are going through tour groups will be given food by these groups. But those who go through Haj Committee of India should take groceries and other cooking utensils with them.

Before going for Hajj it is the right option to clear all the debts one has in his life. He should ask forgiveness from all his friends and relatives. Once we land in Makkah, we will be sent to our rooms. These are usually on sharing basis. The rooms might be very close to Masjid al Haram or far away from that depending upon the category we have selected.

Some people reach Makkah many days before Hajj and some very closer to Haj days. It depends upon the flights we are allotted. Then we have to wait till the Haj time nears. Until then the time is spent on Tawaf and other good deeds.

The Hajj days starts on the 8th day of the last Arabic month Zil Hajj. On that day, the pilgrims wearing Ihram dress are exported to Mina by special vehicles and after spending a full day there, on the next day that is on 9th of Zil Hajj, early in the morning, people should move to Arafat. Arafat is a big ground and only temporary tents will be there.

After spending time in Arafat until sunset, we should go to Muzdalifah without praying Mahrib as Mahrib prayer has to be done along with Isha prayer only in Muzdalifah. During the days of Hajj certain things would change from their normal schedules and we should abide by that.

After prayer at Muzdalifah, the night is spent there. It is at that place that everyone should collect small stones for throwing at Satan. Next morning if we walk to Mina, we will have to stop by Jamarat and throw 7 stones only at the big Jamarat. There are three Jamarats there and all these three have to be stoned on the 11th and 12th of the month and not on the 10th.

After stoning Jamarat, we have to return to Masjid Al Haram after giving our Qurbani. Qurbani is sacrificing a goat or a cow or a camel for Allah. The flesh or the blood does not reach Allah but Allah sees only our thoughts. After that ritual we have to remove our hair fully or one fourth of it. The ladies should cut one inch of their hair. After hair removal, we are out of our Ihram.

Then we have to go to Masjid Al Haram for performing the Tawaf Ziyarat. Tawaf Ziyarat is a part of Hajj and until it is done, having sex is prohibited. This Tawaf is done in the same way of doing any Umrah with 7 rounds around Kaaba and prayer and then going between Safa and Marwa seven times.

The Tawaf Ziyarat could be done on 10th or 11th or before the evening of 12th of Zil Hajj month. Then again we should return to Mina and should not stay in Makkah. All the three satan should be stoned on all these three days and the ritual of Hajj would be complete. Though we usually stay in Makkah for a month, Hajj takes place only in these five days. If you want to know how to do hajj then you have to study the rituals spreading over these days.

Source By  : www.whatishaj.com

why is hajj ?

There are many legends behind the rituals performed during Hajj. In short, the Hajis are reliving the live of Propet Ibrahim.alai and Allah has made it this way to reward all his sacrifices and pious nature. Ibrahim was not blessed with a child until he was 90 years old. Finally at his age of 90 he got a son and named him Ismail. Ismail was a son to him through his wife Hajara and later he got another son Ishaq through his wife Sara.

When Ismail was a small baby, Ibrahim got orders from Allah to leave him with his mother in a desert land. When he was about to complete his mission, Satan obstructed his way but he was strong in his belief of Allah. He left Hajara and Sara in the desert with some water and dates and left the place. When the water exhausted, the little baby was crying of thirst and so Hajara ran to the hillock Safa to see if there is any water around. Then she ran to the hillock half kilometer away named Marwa and climbed on it to search for water. She ran again and again seven times which is now performed by Hajis in the name of Sayee.

Finally God blessed little Ismail and water started to ooze out near his feet. They could quench their thirst through that. Due to the presence of water, the area became fertile and the desert came to be inhabited by many people due to that oasis. This well water came to be called Zam Zam water which will never deplete as long as this earth exists.

Soon Ibrahim reunited with his son Ismail and he got divine orders to rebuilt Kaaba. Both of them carried mud and stones in their hands and built Al-Kaaba. Kaaba means cube and since it was built in a rough cube shape it is called so. After Kaaba was built, Allah asked Ibrahim to call all the people in the world to perform Hajj. Ibrahim asked how would people here if he called. Allah said ‘to call is your work and to convey is my work’. So, Ibrahim stood on a stone named Makame Ibrahim and called all the people for Hajj. This Makame Ibrahim with his footprints is still seen near Kaaba.

His call was heard by all the souls on the earth and all the souls that were to be born. Those that answered him with Labbaik meaning coming got a chance and will get a chance to perform Hajj. Whoever said Labbaik many times will get a chance to perform Hajj many times in their life.

After sometime, Ibrahim had continuous dreams of sacrificing his son and understood this is the next divine order. When he said this matter to his child Ismail, he readily agreed to abide by the wishes of Allah. So he was taken to a place and tied his eyes and got ready to cut the throat of his son. But the knife turned blunt according to the orders of Allah and did not work. He got a message from heaven that a sheep was sent instead of his son to sacrifice. They happily sacrificed that sheep and it happened on the day of Eid Ul Alha or Bakrid. This incident is celebrated by all Muslims every year as Bakrid festival. The same sacrifice done along with some other rituals is called Hajj.

Prophet Muhammad.sal did his first and last Hajj when he was about to complete his mission, just a year before his death. He performed Hajj along with his friends starting on the 8th day of Zil Hajj in 9th year of Hijri. He delivered a sermon at that time insisting the importance of performing Hajj and asked all the people of the world to perform Hajj at least once in their lifetime. So, Hajj became the last duty among all five duties Kalima, prayer, fasting, Zakath and Hajj that were destined on every Muslim in this world.

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